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Linguistic diversity is one of the fundamental rights of the European Union and we are optimistic that cross-lingual AI models can play an important role in facilitating it. Cross-lingual models based on neural networks are trained on terabytes of data and have recently reached large performance gains. As the computationally expensive training of such models can only be afforded by large companies, the evaluation of cross-lingual models is driven by commercial incentives and focuses on the average quantitative performance across more than a hundred languages. The intricacies of application scenarios for low-resource languages or economically insignificant purposes are largely being overlooked and individual differences between users are underestimated. When we want to use cross-lingual models for human-centered scenarios such as cognitive modeling, language education, or for use cases in the digital humanities, we quickly encounter their limitations.

In this workshop, we want to bring together leading scholars from linguistics, cognitive science, and computer science to develop a more diverse and human-centered perspective on cross-lingual models. We want to integrate typological theories about differences between language families, cognitive models of multilingual processing, and computational approaches towards increasing diversity in language technology.

Participation in the workshop is free of charge but the number of participants is limited. Please register using this form.


Day 1: March 29 (Wednesday), 2pm-6pm
Location: Room Truss, Volkshotel

14.00 Lisa Beinborn: Human-Centered Challenges for Cross-Lingual Language Models
14.45 Piek Vossen: Cross-lingual Reference for Learning Languages with Robots
15.30 Coffee break
16.00 Antal v.d. Bosch: Implicit and Explicit Multilingual Computational Language Models
16.45 Poster Session

Day 2, March 30 (Thursday), 9 am-5pm
Location: Interactive workspace 3D@VU

09.00 Anne Lauscher: Fostering Cultural and Subcultural Inclusion in NLP
10.00 Coffee break
10.30 Lonneke van der Plas: Language Specificity and Low-Resource Languages
11.30 Discussion: Challenges for Applying Cross-Lingual Models to Human-Centered Use Cases
Panel: Anne Lauscher, Lonneke van der Plas, Andrew Caines
12.30 Lunch break
14.00 Yevgen Matusevych: Targeted Evaluation of Bilingual Models
15.00 Coffee break
15.30 Discussion: Human-Centered Aspects in the Evaluation of Cross-Lingual Models
Panel: Yevgen Matusevych, Stefan Frank, Rochelle Choenni

Confirmed Posters:


The workshop is sponsored by an Early Career Partnership awarded to Lisa Beinborn by the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW). If you have questions about the program, you can send an e-mail to